Kaikoura Island in the Hauraki Gulf, New Zealand

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Recorded Archaeological Sites

S08/398 Observation Post E2719173 N6556283
Recorded by Brenda Sewell in 1996. This site is located on the west side of the prominent headland to the west of Bradshaw Cove. It comprises an observation post overlooking the control minefield located in Port Abercrombie. Observation Post is in excellent condition and retains much of the original wooden fittings and external shutters.
 

S08/402 European structure E2719400 N6556050
Recorded by Brenda Sewell in 1996. This site is located in Bradshaw Cove and comprises the structures associated with the naval control post for controlling the mine field in Port Abercrombie. There are two small bunkers measuring approximately 7.5m by 2.5m on the hill slope to the east of the stream that exits Bradshaw Cove. There are also two single pitched weatherboard cottages used for barracks accommodation

S08/405 Stone rows E2619900 N6554750
Recorded by Dianne Harlow in 2001. This site was recorded as a series of stone rows between 11 and 16m in length located on slightly sloping ground. The site is located approximately 30m from the Vodaphone cell tower. Several vague terraces are located in the vicinity of this site around the head of the spur.

S08/423 Stone alignments E2718560 N6556080
This site is located on the central NW-SE running ridge on the western side of the island approximately 1400m northwest of Mitre Peak. It comprises a cleared area on either side of a rocky promontory. To the west are two long terraces 10x28, and 4x35m separated by a stone alignment/revetment. On the eastern side of the promontory is a cleared terrace 8x8m with rocks heaped to the east.

S08/424 Stone alignments E2718475 N6556090
This site is located on the central NW-SE running ridge on the western side of the island approximately 100m west of S08/423 and 1500m northwest of Mitre Peak. It comprises a series of stone alignments on a broad saddle with the main row approximately 40m in length. Areas have been cleared of stone presumably for gardening.

S08/425 Terraces, pits, cleared area E2718350 N6556170
This site is located on the central NW-SE running ridge on the western side of the island on a rocky promontory marked as spot height 180 approximately 1600m northwest of Mitre Peak. It comprises several areas on the ridgeline cleared of stone debris including a 20x6m area to the east of the high point with three possible pits.

S08/426 Terraces, stone faced E2718232 N6556270
This site is located on the central NW-SE running ridge on the western side of the island just over 100m west of the rocky promontory marked on the topographic map as spot height 180. It comprises a 6x6m terrace with stone cleared over the front to form stone facing, and another 20x2m terrace on the southern side of the ridge immediately below.

S08/427 Terraces E2718120 N6556367
This site is located on the central NW-SE running ridge on the western side of the island just over 100m west of S80/426, and 200m from the rocky promontory marked as spot height 180 marked on the topographical map. It comprises a long 25x3m terrace on the southern side of the ridge, and smaller possible terraces to the north and west.

S08/428 Midden E2718406 N6555496
This site is located on the western side of an ephemeral stream near a point where two stream gullies meet at the coast approximately 1500m west of Mitre Peak. It comprises a 5x2m area of scattered midden containing cockle, catseye and whelk.

S08/429 Midden E2718511 N6555429
This site is located near the coast on the lower reaches of a NE-SW running spur approximately 1300m west of Mitre Peak. It comprises an eroding deposit with shell dispersed over a 10x30m area. Midden includes cockle, catseye, whelk and gastropod spp. Two pieces of obsidian also noted.

S08/430 Terrace, midden, karaka E2718466 N6555256
This site is located near the coast immediately below a prominent rock outcrop on the SE side of a prominent headland approximately 1300m west of Mitre Peak. It comprises a small terrace. 50m to the south is a karaka tree with midden exposed beneath.

S08/431 Pits, terraces, midden E2718781 N6555338
This site is located on a small knoll 250m down a prominent E-W running spur that extends from the central NW-SE running ridge to the SW coastline. Site is approximately 1000m west of Mitre Peak. It comprises up to eight terraces in a roughly E-W alignment with 4-6 pits on the eastern terraces. Site covers an area approximately 20x80m.

S08/432 Pits E2720946 N6556079
This site is located at the northern end of a slight saddle on the ridge that leads up to Mt Overlook. Site is approximately 350m south of Mt Overlook. It comprises 3 poorly defined pits the largest of which has dimensions 2.5x1.5m.

S08/433 Pa, stone walled E2720850 N6556440
This site is located on high point of ridge marked as Mount Overlook on topographical map. It comprises a pa with U shaped perimeter wall up to 2m high. West and east sides are otherwise flanked by precipitous cliffs. There is a gap in the southern wall most likely for an entrance, and two stone alignments of approximately 25m each in length make up internal partitions. There is a possible pit and terrace in middle third of site. Site covers an area approximately 30x100m.

S08/434 Pits, terraces E2720944 N6556880
This site is located on the north-westernmost point of the island approximately 100m north of Mount Overlook. It comprises three terraces with pits on the smaller lower terraces. Site covers an area approximately 10x30m.

S08/435 Terrace E2721013 N6556047
This site is located approximately 80-100m down the on the spur that runs to the coast to the east of the knoll on which S08/432 is located. It comprises a stone faced terrace approximately 7x4m with another smaller terrace 3x3m immediately above this.

S08/436 Findspot E2720681 N6555360
A single flake of brownish red obsidian was found on the north-eastern side of the spur on which the original airstrip was located.

S08/437 Pa E2719255 N6556415
This site is located on the northern end of the prominent headland to the west of Bradshaw Cove on the northern coast of the island. The comprises a pa almost entirely naturally defended by coastal cliffs with a narrow naturally formed incision in the ridgeline enhanced with a ditch and bank. Site contains numerous large terraces interspersed with rock outcrops.

S08/438 Pits, terraces E2719288 N6556007
This site is located on a knoll at the eastern end of the first spur inland from the coast on the western side of the creek at Bradshaw Cove. Site comprises a number of possible pits and terraces.

S08/439 Terraces, pit, midden E2719540 N6556126
This site is located on the north-western end of a spur on the eastern side of Bradshaw Cove. It comprises several vague terraces one of which has a possible pit on it. Shell fragments seen below and to the west of terraces.

S08/440 Terraces, pit E2721209 N6555997
This site is located approximately 300m down the spur that runs to the coast to the east of the knoll on which S08/432 is located. It comprises several large terraces 8x4m, 8x4m, and 10x4m clustered on the northern side of the crest of the spur. Further east is a 10x15m terrace with additional elongated terraces below this on the northern side of the spur.

S08/441 Midden E2720364 N6555136
This site is located between two streams on the southern side of a sheltered cove to the east of Mitre Peak. It comprises a sparse scatter of midden over an area 20x20m including cockle, rock oyster and catseye. Also noted one flake of grey obsidian.

S08/442 Midden E2721123 N6555299
This site is located at the base of a spur (20m ASL) that starts at a prominent knoll 700m east of the present airstrip. Site comprises a sparse scattering of gastropod spp with whelk and catseye also noted.

S08/443 Midden E2721013 N6555363
This site is located on a small promontory on the eastern coast of the island at the base of the spur to the east of the spur on which the original airstrip was located (2m ASL). A small midden was noted with a possible slumped terrace approximately 30m upslope. Midden contains catseye, whelk, and mussel.

S08/444 Midden, terraces, pits E2720880 N6555440
This site is located around a central spur located between two stream gullies on the eastern coast of the island to the east of the original airstrip. It comprises several terraces with large amounts of midden comprising mussel, catseye, pipi, cockle, whelk, oysters, scallop and obsidian flakes. A cluster of four terraces on the western side of the western stream has three possible pits. Additional midden noted to the east of the eastern stream.

S08/445 Terraces, pits E2719000 N6554950
This site is located to the west of a bush filled gully on a prominent SW-NE running spur that joins with the knoll at the SE end of the central ridgeline. The site comprises a series of terraces along the crest of the spur. Further down are two parallel lateral terraces separated by a baulk that runs along the crest of the spur. Still further down are four more terraces and a pit.

S08/446 House site E2719945 N6554435
This site is located on the southern coast in a small bay where two streams join immediately south of the track between the airstrip and the wharf. The site comprises a former house site believed to be where the Taylors built the first house on the island in 1890, and the Darntons rebuilt in 1863 after the first house was destroyed in a fire. Remains include house platform, coast access track, concrete foundations, a winch, jetty piles and dams further upstream in the western creek

S08/447 Find spot E2719707 N6554435
A single flake of grey obsidian was found on a prominent spur on the southern coast, to the south of where the main track between the wharf and the airstrip changes direction from E-W to S-N orientation.

S08/448 Terraces, stone mound E2718372 N6555986
This site is located on a prominent knoll on a spur on the south side of the island towards the north-western point. Approximately 300m SE of high point 180 as marked on the topographic map and downslope from S08/424. Site comprises up to eight terraces clustered on the south side of a knoll, sizes ranging from 2x3m to 3x12m. A stone mound has been formed on the knoll.

S08/450 Midden, possible pits terraces E2720252 N6554078
This site is located on a low prominent headland (10m ASL) to the south east of the wharf in Man o War Passage. Surface evidence of occupation is limited but includes several possible pits and terraces and a number of scattered shell fragments.

S08/451 Terraces E2720329 N6554197
This site is located on the south facing slopes below a SE running spur to the east of the wharf in Man-o-War passage, approximately 100m upslope from S08/450. The site comprises three possible terraces.

S08/452 Pits, terraces E2720360 N6554312
This site is located on the south-eastern end of a spur approximately 200m to the east of the wharf and approximately 250m upslope and northeast of the low headland on which S08/450 is located. The site comprises a number of pits on the south-eastern end of a spur and several possible terraces running down the eastern slope from the top of the spur.

S08/453 Midden E2720470 N6554751
This site is located on the eastern side of an ephemeral stream approximately 100m inland and upslope of the coast at a height of approximately 30m ASL. The site is located approximately 300m to the NE of the Vodaphone transmitter on the northern side of the south-easternmost ridge on Kaikoura. The site comprises a sparse scatter of predominantly whole cockle shell and the occasional rock oyster.

UNRECORDED SITES

Kohatutitore wahi tapu
The split rock outcrop also known as Mitre Peak has been identified by Ngati Rehua as wahi tapu. It is located near the centre of the island to the south of the airstrip and visible from most of the central ridgeline. Any further information on the values of this site should be sought directly from Ngati Rehua.

Burials
An area containing cleft burials was previously located on the northern side of the island. Any further information with regards to specific location or the values associated with this site should be sought directly from Ngati Rehua.
 

'Kaikoura Island Archaeological Survey' Andy Dodd and Vanessa Tanner, Department of Conservation 2006.

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